Two rivers cross Sabi Sand – the Sabi River on its boundary in the south and the Sand River that flows from North-West to South-East. This has resulted in an abundance of leopard, lion, rhino, elephant, buffalo, cheetah, zebra, giraffe, hyena and a wide variety of antelope and other species.
To date 330 tree, 45 fish, 30 amphibian, 110 reptile, 500 bird and 145 mammal species have been noted in Sabi Sand! A number of endangered species have also made the reserve their home, and visitors to the area are often given a rare glimpse of bats, honey badgers, ground hornbills and wild dogs.
Sabi Sand Private Game Reserve was formed in 1934, and was the forerunner of the Sabi Sand Game Reserve, which was established in 1948. As such it became the oldest private game reserve in South Africa and the birthplace of sustainable wildlife tourism in Southern Africa.
A formal association of landowners, many operating commercial safaris, Sabi Sand Game Reserve’s goal is to promote and conserve the fauna and flora in the area, and preserve the area as a wildlife sanctuary. All lodges in the greater Sabi Sand area are involved in environmental management such as alien plant control, combating erosion, monitoring wildlife, anti-poaching and fire control.